The last post dealt with a Galatians structural feature. Another aspect of the letter’s form (again, credit to the work of H. Van Dyke Parunak) is that five passages within the narrative section, each beginning with a temporal particle/adverb, constitute successive “build ups” that lead first to the transitional section in 2:15-21, and ultimately to chapters 3 and 4. Objectively speaking, we may first observe that each one of the following five verses starts with a “when” or “then” or something similar:
1:15 | 1:18 | 1:21 | 2:1 | 2:11
Each of the five passages mentions geography, and “the divisions among the build ups are confirmed symmetrically by an alternation between action out of Jerusalem and in Jerusalem.”¹ Also, in instances 2, 3, and 4, the time-related word is the same one, whereas the bookends, formed by the first and fifth instances, use a different time word. Taking note of such symmetry—not always apparent in English Bibles, I might add—surely helps to understand Paul’s persuasive rhetoric in the narrative.
Below are are a few gleanings that are more on the “micro” level. These will be less proven, and not scholar-reviewed in the slightest, but still intriguing, I think.
I thought I might have been onto something in connecting three words used in 1:8/1:9, 2:2, and 2:6, but now I think that was probably a rabbit trail. The root words in question are transliterated anathema, anatithemi, and prosanatithemi. The words are in a cognate group, so they are at least distantly related. These words are not synonyms, but I was thinking the etymological and sonic connections might have played a subconscious role in the construction—that is, that some thread was possibly at work in the background, tying them together. In this case, though, the concept of being cursed or devoted to an outside/pagan purpose (1:8/1:9) does not appear to be related, even at arm’s length, to setting forth or laying out the gospel privately before the influential leaders (2:2) or to (non-)addition to what Paul was preaching (2:6). Ergo,² a rabbit trail.
2:10’s reference to “the poor” could have to do with the well-known Jerusalem collection project referred to in other NT passages; it’s worthy of note that the phrase “the poor” is taken by some as a coded reference to the Jerusalem poor. On the other hand, Gal 2:10 could deal with a general, developing Christian practice of benevolence. Either way, Paul mentions it by way of a defense of his place in the scheme: not even this was a requirement added to his missionary operations, i.e., he was already helping the poor, and those thought to have clout in Jerusalem weren’t requiring it. It is good for a reader-interpreter to be aware of various levels of context when trying to understand engaged in interpreting possibly ambiguous passages. 2:10 may well refer to Jerusalem benevolence, or Galatia benevolence, or both; in any case, efforts to interpret should deal in some measure with the immediate context, in which Paul makes his apostolic case and relates his work to that of the Jerusalem apostles.
I’ve decided to extend these comments on chapters 1 and 2 in a third post. Please look for that in a day or two.
¹ H. Van Dyke Parunak, “Dimensions of Discourse Structure: A Multidimensional Analysis of the Components and Transitions of Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians,” 225. In Linguistics and New Testament Interpretation: Essays on Discourse Analysis. David Alan Black, editor. Broadman, 1992.
² Incidentally, “ergo” apparently is not derived from the Greek ἔργον | ergon—a labor, work, deed, or action. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ergo.