You are explicitly, intentionally invited to save this non-copyrighted material, and/or to e-mail it to others you think might be interested.
. . . continued . . .
Here are more textual discoveries, notables, and inquiries into the fascinating text of Philemon.
Note the use of the word “brother” in both v. 7 and v. 20. Further on the relationship between these two verses: the joy, comfort, and refreshing of the hearts (all in 7) may be related to the benefit Paul desires from Philemon and the refreshing of his heart (20).
The relationship between Paul and Philemon, whom he refers to as “beloved one,” is the basis for Paul’s logic, his request, and his expectation. Philemon is beloved (1) and Onesimus is beloved (16), too. Remember how shocking this would all be to Philemon as he read the letter. The very idea that a runaway slave who had likely stolen was deemed “beloved”!
Note further the “love” theme:
- Philemon loves the saints (5).
- Paul has experienced Philemon’s love (7).
- As Paul is now “elderly” and a prisoner, he is in a position to receive love—“ images that amplify the application of love and present Paul as someone who should be respected, listened to, and perhaps ministered to or helped” (G. Fay).
We might ask why the latter portion of v. 9? Why might Paul express himself & describe himself in this way? As Greg has suggested, “Perhaps there’s more to the intentions of the letter than meets the eye at this point.”
The thanksgiving and petition in 4 and 9, respectively, are common Pauline markers, delineating text sections and/or showing points of emphasis.
Referring again to yesterday’s sermonette on v. 6–could the expression “fellowship of faith” be intentionally ambiguous? Remember the possible, subtextual ambiguity in the the chiasm of v. 5 (love for others and faith toward Jesus / faith toward others and love of Jesus). Might one of the thrusts here be that the community of Philemon’s faith and love must become energized/activated toward Onesimus? Must koinonia extend to Onesimus as it does to Paul, since Onesimus is Paul’s “heart” (12)?
What a rich, inspired letter! More to come. . . .